The ISSOPVS summerschool has been developed for those with interest in Solar Energy and its applications. Furthermore, the program is designed for those who intend to pursue an academic or a professional career related to photovoltaic technology. This course intends to equip students or graduates, technicians as well as researchers who wish to get a comprehensive introduction to renewable and more specifically photovoltaic energies.
The focus will be about the last generation, Organic and Perovskites photovoltaics technologies. Apart from the theoretical part, the workshop is ideal for everyone who is already working in this field and needs to deepen their knowledge about new developments, industrial status, and market perspectives. The summerschool therefore unites participants from a wide range of professional and academic backgrounds.
The Programme is organized by Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Institute of Technology (EMaTTech), CEA laboratories in INES (French national solar institute), and HEI - Grand Ecole d' Ingenieur Generaliste, Universitè Catholique de Lille. The Programme is also aided by EMaTTech Erasmus+ Office and is held in EMaTTech facilities.
By completing the Programme, students are granted 6 ECTS points.
Energy and Resources (ER)
Renewable energy is growing rapidly, with record numbers of new wind and solar installations coming online in Europe over the past few years. Within the next 25 years in Europe, at least 40 percent of our electricity will be produced by renewable energy sources. Therefore, it will be a wise investment to improve the existing electricity system by utilising existing technologies and making smart policy decisions for a clean energy future.
Energy and Resources is an introductory course to energy, reserves and resources which covers the social, economical, environmental and technological background of renewable energy generation. Also, a comprehensive comparison with world oil and gas reserves and a first contact with the PRMS system will take place. Subjects such as: Energy consumption, GHG emission, renewable energy technologies (wind, solar, biomass, bio-fuel, geothermal, hydropower, wave, tidal current, hydrogen fuel cells) will be discussed. The goal of the course is to review the technological potential of renewable energy. At the end of the course the students will learn: How to reduce air pollution, how to decrease the dependence on coal, fossil fuels and nuclear, how to start, design and build a renewable energy system.
- Reserves and resources
- World O&G reserves and resources
- Energy consumption
- GHG emission
- Renewable energy technologies
Photovoltaic Technologies (PVT)
The direct conversion of sunlight into electricity is a very elegant process to generate environmentally friendly, renewable energy. This branch of science is known as "photovoltaics" or "PV". PV technology is modular, operates silently, is therefore suited to a broad range of applications, and can contribute substantially to our future energy needs. Although the basic principles of PV were discovered in the 19th century, it was not before the 1950s and 1960s that solar cells found practical use as electricity generators, a development that came about through early silicon semiconductor technology for electronic applications. Today, a range of PV technologies is available on the market and under development in laboratories. Complete PV systems consist of two elements: Modules (also referred to as panels), which contain solar cells, and the Balance-of-System (BoS). The BoS mainly comprises electronic components, cabling, support structures and, if applicable, electricity storage or optics & sun trackers. The cost of BoS also includes the labour cost of installation.
In addition, it is worthy of remark to analyse LCC and LCA of various PV technologies. LCC (Life Cycle Cost) of an item consists of the total cost of owning and operating an item over its lifetime. Some costs involved in the owning and operating of an item are incurred at the time of acquisition, and other costs are incurred later. LCA (Life Cycle Assessment) of PV systems is an important tool to quantify the potential environmental advantage of using solar technologies versus more traditional technologies, especially the ones relying on non-renewable fossil fuel sources.
- PV principles
- Crystalline silicon based technology,
- Types and conversion efficiency of different solar cells architecture
- LCC of some PV installations
- Principle of LCC calculation
- Trends and issues: What's Future?
Organic & Perovksites Photovoltaics (OPV & PPV)
Organic & Perovksites photovoltaic devices (OPV and PPV respectively) as other organic electronics (OLEDs, sensors, etc.) have the promise to provide lightweight, flexible alternatives to traditional, rigid semiconductor technologies and other inorganic thin film PV technologies. Nowaday, OPV industry is mature for mass production (3 companies in Europe will produce in 2020) and targets new markets like Building Integrated PV (BIPV), Urban Furniture or energy harvesting in the field of the IoT (Internet of Things). At the other hand, PSC technology, based on similar architectures/processes than OPV, reached new power conversion records, up to 23%, and is one on the most discussed topic in the PV world.
First, the principle of Organic and Perovskites technologies will be presented. The course provides an insight into the theory behind these technologies and describes the three main research areas within the field i.e. materials, stability and processing.
Beyond the theoretical aspects, the goal of the course about OPV/PPV is to give a clear pictures of the last industrial developments and market opportunities. The future of these last PV generations will be discussed with students on the basis of the key parameters (technical, cost, market, regulation, politics…) and compared with other PV and renewable technologies.
In addition of the courses, 2 practical exercises are planned:
1. Analysis of scientific papers describing specific topics related to OPV or PPV. These “Highlight” papers will selected by groups of students and orally presented.
2. Practical work with OPV devices (measurements in different conditions, realization of systems using OPV energy harvesting).
Photovoltaic System Applications (PVS)
PV systems can be grid connected (work together with the local electrical grid) or work as stand-alone systems (autonomous). Grid-tied systems are the most common type of solar PV system. Grid-tied systems are connected to the electrical grid and allow residents of a building to use solar energy as well as electricity from the grid. Grid-tied systems do not need to produce 100% of the electricity demand for a home or business. When there is no demand for energy, the solar panels send excess electricity back out into the grid for use elsewhere. This course will introduce the design process for several complete self-contained PV systems and grid-tied systems.
Part 1: PV systems applications
- An overview of applications
- Stand-alone systems:
- Components and conversion chain
- System design
- Grid-tied systems:
- Integration of PV generators to the grid
- Conversion chain
- Power converters associated to grid-tied PV systems
- Regulations and policies
- Grid services
- Hybridization of electrical energy storage for intelligent integration of PV in electric networks
Part 2: Simulation of a case study
Modeling and Simulation in Energy Engineering (MSEE)
Engineers used to sketch, create schematic models of their products, and graphical approaches to solve problems that are now solved numerically by a computer at the press of a button. Models serve many purposes in design, not just as visualisations of a product or process, aiding in idea generation, problem solving and evaluation, but also in facilitating the interaction of the components. Terms such as model, simulation, visualization and many more will be identifying, comprehensively. A historical overview in Modelling and Simulation (M&S) along with an introduction in M&S discipline will be held.
The objective of this course is not only to familiarise students with the M&S theory but also to offer an overview of professional and free software dedicated to solar energy. The goal of the course is to compare, verify, validate and test results from various available software. At the end of the course the students will learn: How to simulate a PV panel model, how to determine the technical and financial viability of solar energy, how to model physically a PV panel etc. Every exercise will be combined with a practical example, most coming from real examples in the instructors' research and professional experience.
- M&S historical overview
- M&S terminology
- M&S today
- Reality vs Simulation
- The lifecycle of a simulation study
- Laboratorial practice with real projects
- Results comparison, verification, validation and test
Case Studies and Techno-Economic Analysis of Photovoltaic Systems (CSTE)
The CSTE course offers the students the unique chance to use their gained knowledge in order to design, model, simulate and present a PVS. In the first part of the course, students are called to think as a professional renewable energy advisor, design the power plant, address the load, size the solar plant including type and number of cells, the battery storage and provide a cost estimation of the plant. In the second part of the course, students will learn how to present and write their works scientifically. This will help students to better understand the requirements and the guidelines for preparing/reviewing a scientific manuscript by using modern software tools.
- Power plant design
- Load address
- Solar plant sizing
- Battery storage
- Cost estimation
- Guide for authors
- Preparation of an article
- Preparation of a presentation
- Reference Management Software
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